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Construction, demolition and excavation waste

Construction, demolition and excavation waste

We work with government, industry and other organisations to improve resource efficiency.

Improved site management can reduce environmental impacts both on and off site. Understanding the risks posed by construction activities and taking steps to reduce incidents can help reduce costs and improve business reputation.

Duty of care
Duty of Care is a law which says that you must take all reasonable steps to keep waste safe. If you give waste to someone else, you must be sure they are authorised to take it and can transport, recycle or dispose of it safely. If you break this law, you can be fined an unlimited amount.
You are required to keep records of waste you have transferred to another person and to declare that you have considered the waste hierarchy when transferring your waste. This is to ensure that waste prevention, recycling and recovery are considered ahead of disposal.

Your waste – your responsibility (duty of care)

If you use, treat, store, transport or dispose of waste during the construction process you will need to seek permission from us to carry out this task. Permission will be in the form of a registered exemption or an environmental permit.

Do I need to register an exemption or apply for an environmental permit?
We have been able to reduce the permitting or exemptions requirements for some specific construction activities. These include some specific activities using road planings, concrete wash water, clay, bentonite and asbestos pipes.

Guidelines on how we are reducing regulation for specific construction activities

We have also developed a low risk approach to the regulation of certain construction activities including:

recovery of inert waste by leaving a road in-situ
temporary storage of waste plasterboard
reuse of concrete wash waters, silty wash waters and silt
dewatering of cement washings
spreading pond construction waste
manufacture of cob blocks and storage of non hazardous bitumen

Details of current low risk positions and how we use them
Waste as a resource
The Waste Resources Action Programme (WRAP) have produced a series of tools, templates and guidance to help manage waste and encourage efficiency on construction sites:

WRAP: construction guidance
Brownfield sites
We encourage the remediation of brownfield land and the use of cluster projects – the movement of soil on and between sites to reduce the amount sent to landfill.

As regulators, we need to ensure measures are in place to protect the environment and human health. Our regulatory guidelines support the Contaminated Land: applications in real environments code of practice (CL:AIRE cop), which if followed properly mean that under certain circumstances materials arising on site need not be considered waste.

CL:AIRE Definition of waste: development industry code of practice
How we apply the CLAIRE cop and more on soil and water remediation technologies
Guidance on use of contaminated land

Reusing waste
To reduce the amount of waste going to landfill, there are a series of exemptions and permits that apply to the use, treatment, disposal and storage of waste. Several materials used in construction can be reused with an exemption. Permits and exemptions must be obtained prior to the activity taking place. These include:

crushed bricks, concrete, rocks and aggregate to create a noise bund around a new development and then using soil to landscape it and enable grass to grow
road planings and rubble to build a track, road or car park
wood-chip to construct a track, footpath or bridleway
bringing in soil from another development for landscape use at a housing development

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